Take a look at SOP 5010 5 (C) pg 357 -358, Appendix 4: NAICS CODES OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE INDUSTRIES. If your property matches up to one of those NAICS codes you would be required to have a Phase I ESA performed if (and that’s a big “if”) you’ve read the little notes accompanying the NAICS code. Let’s say you have a Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealer – NAICS code match 441. You would assume that a Phase I would be required – however if you read what Appendix 4 says you would read (if service bays present).
Many dealerships are just car lots without service bays and therefore wouldn’t require a Phase I. Based on the dollar amount of the loan SBA would require only a Records Search with Risk Assessment, or perhaps if the loan was small enough (under $150,000) SBA would only require an Environmental Questionnaire.
What’s important is to read the accompanying notes in Appendix 4: NAICS CODES OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SENSITIVE INDUSTRIES to determine whether or not you will be required to engage a full Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment.
The next time you need to turn to the NAICS Code listing just let your eyes search through to the italicized notes in parenthesis within the document to see how many exceptions there really are.
I’ve also had calls requesting a Phase I for a property the borrower was constructing a gas station on. If the property wasn’t a prior gas station (or NAICS code match) then again the requirement would be a Records Search with Risk Assessment, or, an Environmental Questionnaire if the loan was under $150,000.
If you need assistance in determining the level of environmental due diligence that’s required on your property, Partner Engineering and Science, Inc. would be more than happy to assist.